Archives du mot-clé Agriurbain

Creating Space: Sack Gardening as a Livelihood Strategy in the Kibera Slums of Nairobi, Kenya

Urban agriculture is a livelihood strategy used by the poor to improve their well-being, but it has remained largely inaccessible to inhabitants of slums, who generally lack access to land to farm. However, in the Kibera slums of Nairobi, Kenya, a relatively new form of urban agriculture has emerged, called sack gardening, in which farmers plant crops into the sides and tops of large sacks of soil.

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Products from Urban Collective Gardens: Food for Thought or for Consumption? Insights from Paris and Montreal

Previous research has shown that food production is an important motivation for urban dwellers to engage in gardening activities, but the food function of CGs, that we define as the quantitative and qualitative food supply they are likely to provide to gardeners, is poorly known. This paper investigates the food function of urban collective gardens in Paris and Montreal. We carried out comprehensive interviews with gardeners, quantified production, and did plot monitoring to provide insights on the quantities of fruits and vegetables produced in CGs, the destination of garden produce, the use of space in plots, and the types of crops grown in CGs and their yields. The results show a wide diversity of practices regarding CGs' food function that has to be considered in relation to the multifunctionality of these gardens.

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New paper: Domestic Residential Garden Food Production in Melbourne, Australia: a fine-grained analysis and pilot study (Zainuddin & mercer, 2014)

The paper presents the results of a fine-grained study of 15 selected householders in metropolitan Melbourne. Participants collected detailed daily information about their food production over a three-month period. In addition, two of the respondents had been keeping daily production records continuously for one or more years. The results demonstrate enormous diversity in the food harvested, as well as some extremely high levels of productivity from relatively small domestic spaces. Participants were also questioned about their motivations for engaging in backyard food production and dealing with surpluses.

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New paper: Seeds for Change? Attaining the benefits of community gardens through council policies in Sydney, Australia (Mintz & McManus, 2014)

Modern industrial systems of food production cause a wide range of detrimental impacts to the environment, human health and society. Integrating community gardens into local food systems is one way to counteract some of those impacts. This research looks at the elements that community garden policies should contain in order to best promote community gardens and attain their benefits. Focusing on Sydney, the research evaluates and compares the quality of the community garden policies with the distribution of community gardens in local councils and across broader geographic regions. Councils or regions that might benefit from greater access to community gardens are identified and ways in which councils, and the Sydney Region as a whole, might improve their community garden policies are discussed.

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Global assessment of urban and peri-urban agriculture: irrigated and rainfed croplands

New figures on urban agriculture worldwide published in Environmental Research Letters: "the global area of urban irrigated croplands was estimated at about 24 Mha (11.0 percent of all irrigated croplands) with a cropping intensity of 1.48. The global area of urban rainfed croplands found was approximately 44 Mha (4.7 percent of all rainfed croplands) with a cropping intensity of 1.03."

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Colloque Natures en ville : des pratiques en controverses (Genève, Nov 2014)

a thématique de la nature en ville croît en importance tant dans la recherche académique que dans le monde politique. D'un côté, les références à une ville vivante, faite d'interactions entre humains et non-humains se manifestant sous des formes et dans des espaces variables organisent aujourd'hui un corpus cohérent sur la nature urbaine. De l'autre, les politiques de biodiversité, de verdissement, ou encore de jardinage voire d'agriculture urbaine, dont le programme Nature en Ville du canton de Genève constitue un exemple récent, nous montrent une existence politique de ce sujet et un enjeu pour les acteurs des territoires à se positionner sur cette thématique.

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Les jardins partagés franciliens, scènes de participation citoyenne?

KE Demailly in EchoGéo (janv 2014) Le but de cet article, qui s'intéresse spécifiquement aux jardins partagés installés sur des friches urbaines, est d'interroger différentes acceptions de la notion de participation afin d'évaluer le rôle effectif des membres des jardins partagés. Une participation des usagers, qui en définitive, se limite souvent à la gestion et à l'animation du site.

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